Breaking News World Day Against Child Labour-2021 "Act now, end child...

World Day Against Child Labour-2021 “Act now, end child labour”

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No one has the right to steal someone’s childhood and their smiles.

New Delhi, Jun 12 (ILNS) Nobel Laureate Kailash Satyarthi rightly said that, “If not now, then when? If not you, then who? If we are able to answer these fundamental questions, then perhaps we can wipe away the blot of human slavery”.

India is developing country growing at a fast pace, but still fighting against the problem of child slavery/labor. According to a data form census 2011, over 10.1 million children, of which 5.6 million are boys and 4.5 million are girls, found to be indulge in varieties of industries serving as labors.

The World Day Against Child Labour was initiated by The International Labour Organization (ILO), in the year 2002. It was launched to eliminate the comprehensiveness of child labour. Every year on 12 th June, World Day Against Child Labour brings millions of people from around the world to bring out the plight of child labourers and what can be done to aid them.
Childhood means simplicity. Look at the world with the child’s eye – it is very
beautiful~ Kailash Satyarthi
In the landmark case of MC Mehta vs State of Tamil Nadu & Ors, the court gave a historic judgement on child labour and explained the terrific situation of children in India. The judgement stated the interrelation between poverty and child labour. Court laid down some effective solutions to curb the situation of children hired as labours.
Article 23 of the Indian Constitution gives every citizen the right against exploitation.
In case of forced labour or slavery, one can raise the voice against the exploitation.
As per UNICEF, throughout the world number of child labourers has been raised to 160
million worldwide. Due to the consequences of COVID-19, 9 million additional children at risk. in the last four years there has been an increase of 8.4 million children.
Some of these children work full-time whereas, some of them work part-time. These
children do not have time to play nor they go to schools. Sometimes they are not
even provided the basic needs like, good nutrition or medical facility. They are not
even treated as children at times, many of them are exposed to the worst forms of
child labour such as, slavery, working in hazardous environments.
Children of tender age get trapped into the deep pit of illicit activities like, drugs and
prostitution.
What is child labour? Child labour is the work that deprives children of their childhood, their potential and their dignity, and that is harmful to physical and mental development.
Herein the work refers to the activities which are mentally, physically, socially or
morally dangerous and harmful to children. Also, Infringement of their rights like, depriving the opportunity to attend school; forcing them to leave school
prematurely; or requiring them to attempt to combine school attendance with
excessively long and heavy work.
Child labour is not restricted to only one country it is a worldwide phenomenon. In
India, child labour laws are regulated by the Child Labour (Prohibition and
Regulation) Act, 1986. As per ILO, Children working below the age of 14 years are
not able to develop mentally, socially, physically or morally.
Whereas, as per UNICEF child labour is considered-

When the age of the child is between 5 to 11 years. At least 1 hour of economic activity is performed by him/her or he/she is doing at least 28 hours of domestic work in a week If the children are between 12 to 14 years of age then either they should be doing at least 14 hours of economic activity or at least 42 hours of domestic work per week to be considered as child labour.

What leads to child labour-?
For instance, in country like India, the primary issue which leads the way to child
labour is poverty. Most of the children start working in factories and industries due to
the financial condition of their family. They fell into the pit of slavery at such a tender
age that it not only affects their health physically but also mentally. High
unemployment rate plays an important role in such situation. There are a lot more
factors which deteriorates the condition one them is previous debts of the family.
And a result the child becomes the victim of bonded labour, forced begging,
prostitution etc.
Rightly said by Juan Somavia “180 million kids are engaged in the worst forms of
child labour. Put it all together and it is not only morally unacceptable but politically
dangerous.”
According to the census of 2011, four million Indian children work as labourers and
many more are there which are not even counted.

Its time to bring some change in the society and try our best to eradicate the disease
of child labour. Children are made for knowledge and not for slavery. Child labour is
not only illegal but also inhuman. The small hands of children are made to hold pencil
in their hands and not heavy weights. No one has the right to steal someone’s
childhood and their smiles./ILNS/SNG

By Urvi Yadav-II Year Law student, Himanshi Mittal- I Year student, Maharishi University of Information Technology(MUIT )

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