By Ssangeeta Sharma
New Delhi, Jun 16 (ILNS) In a major boost to exports of Geographical Indications (GI) certified agricultural produce, a consignment of fibre and mineral rich ‘Jalgaon banana’ has been exported to Dubai.
The twenty-two metric tonnes of GI certified Jalgaon banana were sourced from progressive farmers of Tandalwadi village, part of Jalgaon district of Maharashtra, a banana cluster identified under Agri Export Policy.
In 2016, Jalgaon Banana got GI certification which was registered with Nisargraja Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) Jalgaon. India’s banana export has been rising sharply because of adoption of farm practices as per the global standards.
India’s banana exports grew both in terms of volume as well as value from 1.34 lakh metric tonne valued at Rs 413 crore in 2018-19 to 1.95 lakh metric tonne valued at Rs 660 crore in 2019-20. During 2020-21 (April-February), India has exported banana worth of 1.91 lakh tonne valued at Rs 619 crore.
India is the world’s leading producer of bananas with a share of around 25% in total output. Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh contribute more than 70% of the country’s banana production.
The Geographical Indications Registry has a total of 370 GIs including Saffron from Jammu and Kashmir, Erode Turmeric from Tamil Nadu, registered in India as of September 2019. The registration of GIs began in the financial year 2004-05 after the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration & Protection) Act, 1999 came into effect from September 2003. India joined as a member state of the TRIPS(Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights) Agreement legislation in 1999, thereafter the protection of geographical indication was also enacted the same year.
Handicrafts like Bengal Dokra , Patachitra, Purulia Chau Mask, Wooden Mask of Kushmandi Handicraft, Madur kathi Handicraft West Bengal are among the registered GIs. Jhabua Kadaknath Black Chicken Meat Food from Madhya Pradesh, Alphonso mangoes from Maharashtra, RajKot Patola Handicraft Gujarat, Shahi Litchi of Bihar, Sangli Turmeric, Maharashtra, Pethapur Printing Blocks Handicraft Gujarat, Kolhapuri Chappal, Karnataka & Maharashtra, Coorg Arabica Coffee, Karnataka are among popular GIs having worldwide demand.
Geographical Indication is primarily granted to agricultural, natural, manufactured, handicraft originating from a definite geographical territory.
India is also struggling to protect its Traditional Knowledge (TK). TK is know how, skills and practices that are developed, sustained and passed on from generation to generation within a community, often forming part of its cultural or spiritual identity.
Unlike other categories of intellectual property rights, till now India has no substantive act or law to protect TK but other IP acts contain provisions with respect to traditional knowledge such as the Patents Act, 1970, Section 25 and Section 64, gives one of the grounds for revocation of a patent. ILNS/SNG